The Authoritarian View of Knowledge: Peer Review

   

The Alternative Hypothesis

 

Published on Jul 23, 2019

Donate:

https://www.subscribestar.com/ryan-faulk
https://www.patreon.com/CoolTapes

Social Media:

https://twitter.com/Freesoilyeah
https://www.facebook.com/TheAltHypothesis/

=== Time Stamps:

5:55 - Big vs. Small Journals

11:51 - Judging Methodology Based on Conclusions

15:59 - BMJ Study on Error Identification Rate

17:37 - Prestige and Paper Acceptance

22:59 - Inter-Rate Reliability

24:17 - Does "Peer Review" CAUSE Studies to be Better Done?

26:58 - A HOT TAKE on "Peer Review"

Sources:

1. Reviewer Bias, Annals of Internal Medicine:
http://sci-hub.tw/10.7326/0003-4819-116-11-958_2

2. Peer Review and Editorial Decision Making:
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1192/bjp.173.2.110

3. Effect of Institutional Prestige on Reviewer's Recommendations and Editorial Decisions:
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1001/jama.1994.03520020063017

4. Effect of Blinded Peer Review on Abstract Acceptance:
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/202669

5. Double-Blind Peer Review Failure Rate:
https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1164/rccm.201711-2257LE
https://blogs.plos.org/absolutely-maybe/2017/10/31/the-fractured-logic-of-blinded-peer-review-in-journals/

6. Are Road Safety Evaluation Studies Published in Peer Reviewed Journals More Valid than Similar Studies not Published in Peer Reviewd Journals:
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1016/S0001-4575(97)00068-7

7. A Reliability-Generalization Study of Journal Peer Reviews: A Multileval Meta-Analysis of Inter-Rater Reliability and Its Determinants:
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0014331

8. Prestigious Science Journals Struggle to Reach Even Average Reliability:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00037/full

9. Confirmational Response Bias Among Social Work Journals:
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1177/016224399001500102

10. Testing for the Presence of Positive-Outcome Bias in Peer Review:
http://sci-hub.tw/10.1001/archinternmed.2010.406

11. What errors do peer reviewers detect, and does training improve their ability to detect them?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2586872/

12. Retracted Science and the Retraction Index
https://iai.asm.org/content/79/10/3855.full

13. Reviewer bias in single- versus double-blind peer review
https://www.pnas.org/content/114/48/12708